How to Search for CREATION Health Principles Online

The following are search strategies in MEDLINE via PubMed (www.PubMed.gov) for each of the CREATION Health principles. There are two strategies for each principle. The first is a comprehensive search strategy designed to retrieve all relevant articles on the topic. The second is a very specific strategy intended to retrieve fewer, but more relevant results.

These are a guide and can be modified as needed.

MEDLINE provides its own vocabulary called MeSH terms – short for Medical Subject Headings – that enable powerful and accurate searches. Typically, a thorough search will combine MeSH terms with regular keywords in order to find the most information.

You’ll see that the search terms are connected by a capital ‘OR’. This tells the database that the terms are similar, so the results can include any or all of the words. The [Mesh] indicates a MeSH term, [MAJR] indicates an article main topic and the [TIAB] instructs the database to search in the title and abstract for the term.

Choice

The operational definition of CHOICE is evolving as our research progresses. In our theoretical framework, CHOICE is often a dependent variable, i.e. all of the other CREATION Health principles influence the choices we make. Currently, our focus is on the precursor to choice behavior: readiness to change, based on the Transtheoretical Model of stages of change (Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC. Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: toward an integrative model of change. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1983 Jun;51(3):390-5.

The comprehensive search strategy incorporates the concepts of CHOICE that emerged from our focus groups of patients and administrators in addition to the stages of change model.

Comprehensive:

“Choice Behavior”[Mesh] "Internal-External Control"[Mesh] OR "Self Efficacy"[Mesh] OR "Motivation"[Mesh] OR "Health Behavior"[Mesh]) OR "Volition"[Mesh] OR "Power (Psychology)"[Mesh] OR "Healthy Lifestyle"[Mesh] OR “Patient Compliance”[MeSH] OR “Self-Control”[Mesh] OR “lifestyle choices”[TIAB] OR “self-regulation”[TIAB] OR “readiness to change”[TIAB] OR “readiness for change”[TIAB]

Specific:

“Choice Behavior”[MAJR] OR “readiness to change”[TIAB] OR “readiness for change” [TIAB]

Rest

Comprehensive:

"Sleep"[Mesh] OR "Relaxation"[Mesh] OR "Rest"[Mesh] OR "Holidays"[Mesh] OR vacation[TIAB] OR
sabbath[TIAB] OR “days off”[TIAB] OR “days off work”[TIAB] OR weekend[TIAB] OR “cognitive
rest”[TIAB] OR “mental rest”[TIAB]

Specific:

"Sleep”[MAJR] OR “Relaxation”[MAJR]

Environment

Comprehensive:

"Social Environment"[Mesh] OR "Socioeconomic Factors"[Mesh] OR "Social Conditions"[Mesh] OR "Residence Characteristics"[Mesh] OR "Environment Design"[Mesh] OR “Interior Design and Furnishings”[Mesh] OR “Household Articles”[MeSH] OR “green space”[TIAB] OR “living space”[TIAB] or “neighborhood safety”[TIAB] OR living condition*[TIAB]

Specific:

“Living Environment”[TIAB] OR “Residence Characteristics”[MAJR]

Activity

Comprehensive:

“Exercise”[Mesh] OR “Physical Fitness”[Mesh] OR “Leisure Activity”[Mesh] OR “cognitive training”[TIAB] OR mental activit*[TIAB] OR “mental exercise” OR volunteer activit*[TIAB]

Specific:

“Exercise”[MAJR] OR “Leisure Activity”[MAJR]

Trust

Comprehensive:

"Religion and Medicine"[Mesh] OR "Spirituality"[Mesh] OR “religious coping” [TIAB] OR spiritual*[TIAB] OR (God[TIAB] NOT “glucose oxidase”) OR worship*[TIAB] OR faith tradition*[TIAB] OR prayer[TIAB] OR belief system*[TIAB] OR religio*[ti] OR “faith based”[TIAB]

Specific:

"Religion and Medicine"[MAJR]

Interpersonal Relationships

Comprehensive:

“Social Support”[Mesh] OR “Social Participation”[Mesh] OR “Interpersonal Relations”[Mesh] OR “Family Relations”[Mesh] OR “Marital Status”[Mesh] OR “Caregivers”[Mesh] OR “interpersonal relationships”[TIAB] OR “personal relationships”[TIAB] OR “social relationships”[TIAB] OR friendship[TIAB] OR “social support”[TIAB] OR “psychosocial support”[TIAB] OR “family support”[TIAB] OR “social interaction”[TIAB] OR “family relationship”[TIAB] OR caretaker[TIAB] OR “relationship closeness”[TIAB] OR “support system”[TIAB] OR friendship*[TIAB] OR “relationship quality”[TIAB] OR “spousal support”[TIAB]

Specific:

“Social Support”[MAJR] OR “Marital Status”[MAJR]

Outlook

Comprehensive:

("adaptation, psychological"[MeSH Terms] OR "coping"[TIAB] OR "outlook"[TIAB] OR gratitude[TIAB] OR "mindfulness"[MeSH Terms] OR "mindfulness"[TIAB] OR optimistic[TIAB] OR "optimism"[MeSH Terms] OR "optimism"[TIAB] OR "happiness"[MeSH Terms] OR "happiness"[TIAB] OR "life meaning"[TIAB] OR "life purpose"[TIAB] OR "positive attitude"[TIAB] OR "Self Concept"[Mesh] OR "Emotional Adjustment"[Mesh] OR "Resilience, Psychological"[Mesh] OR “illness perception”[TIAB] OR “perception of illness”[TIAB] OR “positive affect”[TIAB]

Specific:

“Adaptation, Psychological”[MAJR] OR Optimism[MAJR]

Nutrition

Comprehensive:

"Diet, Food, and Nutrition"[Mesh] OR "Diet Therapy"[Mesh] OR food choice*[TIAB] OR “eating habits”[TIAB] OR “dietary habits”[TIAB} OR “dietary patterns”[TIAB]

Specific:

“Diet”[MAJR]